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Sports articles basketballgame played between two teams of five players each on a sports articles basketball court, usually indoors. The only major sport strictly of U. For that first game of basketball inNaismith used as goals two half-bushel peach baskets, which gave the sport its name. The students were enthusiastic. After much running and shootingWilliam R. Chase made a midcourt shot—the only score in that historic contest. While basketball is competitively a winter sport, it is played on a month basis—on summer playgrounds, in municipal, industrial, and church halls, in school yards and family driveways, and in summer camps—often on an informal basis between two or more contestants.

Many grammar schools, youth groups, municipal recreation centres, churches, sports articles basketball, and other organizations conduct basketball programs for youngsters of less than high school age.

In the early years the number of players on a team varied according to the number in the class and the size of the playing area. In teams began to play with five on sports articles basketball side when the playing area was less than 1, square feet In the number was occasionally set at five by mutual consent; the rules stipulated five players two years later, and this number has remained ever since.

Since Naismith sports articles basketball five of his original players were Canadians, it is not surprising that Canada was the first country outside the United States to play the game. Basketball was introduced in France inin England inin AustraliaChinaand India soon thereafter, and in Japan in While basketball helped swell the membership of YMCAs because of the availability of their gymswithin five years the sports articles basketball was outlawed by various associations because sports articles basketball that had been occupied by classes of 50 or 60 members were now monopolized by only 10 to 18 players.

The banishment of the game induced many members to terminate their YMCA membership and to hire halls to play the game, thus paving the way to the professionalization of the sport.

The courts often were of irregular shape with occasional obstructions such as pillars, stairways, or offices that interfered with play. In it was ruled that all boundary lines must be straight. In the Narragansett Machinery Co. Originally a ladder, then a pole, and finally a chain fastened to the bottom of the net was used to retrieve a ball after a goal had been scored. Nets open at the bottom were adopted in — In —96 the points for making a basket goal, or field goal were reduced from three to two, and the points for making a free throw shot uncontested from a line in front of the basket after a foul had been committed were reduced from three to one.

Baskets were frequently attached to balconies, making it easy for spectators behind a basket to lean over the railings and deflect the ball to favour one side and hinder the other; in teams were urged to provide a 4-byfoot 1.

Soon after, wooden backboards proved more suitable. Glass backboards were legalized by the professionals in —09 and by colleges in — In —21 the backboards were moved 2 feet 0. Fan-shaped backboards were made legal in — A soccer ball football was used for the first two years.

In the first basketball was marketed. It was laced, sports articles basketball, measured close to 32 inches 81 cmor about 4 inches 10 cm larger than the soccer ball, sports articles basketball, in circumference, sports articles basketball, and weighed less than 20 ounces grams.

By —49, when the laceless molded ball was made official, the size had been set at 30 inches 76 cm. Bemis heard about the new sport at Springfield and tried it out with his students at Geneva sports articles basketball At Iowa, H.

Kallenberg, who had attended Springfield inwrote Naismith for a copy of the rules and also presented the game to his students.

The first college basketball game with five on a side was played between the University of Chicago and the University of Iowa in Iowa City on January 18, The University of Chicago sports articles basketball, 15—12, with neither team using a substitute. Kallenberg refereed that game—a common practice in that era—and some of the spectators took exception to some of his decisions.

The colleges formed their own rules committee inand by there were at least five sets of rules: collegiateYMCA—Amateur Athletic Union, those used by state militia groups, and two varieties of professional rules. Teams often agreed to play sports articles basketball a different set for each half of a game. In that year, however, the colleges broke away to form their own rules committee, sports articles basketball, and during the same year the National Federation of State High School Associations likewise assumed the task of establishing separate playing rules for the high schools, sports articles basketball.

Basketball grew steadily but slowly in popularity and importance in the United States and internationally in the first three decades after World War II. Four areas of the game developed during this period: U. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Introduction History The early years Growth of the game U. Written By: Robert G. Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica.

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Jul 29,  · Basketball, game played between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court, usually indoors. Each team tries to score by tossing the ball through the opponent’s goal, an elevated horizontal hoop and net called a basket. The only major sport strictly of U.S. origin, basketball was. Latest sports news on A compilation of the latest sports news from ESPN. NFL. Antonio Brown in Oakland: Helmets, frostbite, fines and release (September 7, , PM ET); Brown finds. Sep 07,  · Get all the latest news, videos, blogs, and rankings from around the NBA.